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MYOPIA, HYPERMETROPIA, ASTIGMATISM

These are refractive defects of the sight which appear in the developing years of the person. They can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses or laser treatment depending on the age of the individual.(+information)
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PRESBYOPIA

Commonly known as eyestrain, this is the inability to focus on nearby objects and affects the individual due to the failure of the accommodation function of the crystalline lens. It appears from the age of 40 onwards and can be corrected by laser.(+information)
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CATARACTS

This is the stage following presbyopia in the progressive degeneration of the crystalline lens and refers to the loss of transparency or alteration in light conduction. It can be corrected by replacing the crystalline lens through surgery.(+information)
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GLAUCOMA

This is the atrophy or death of the cells of the optic nerve and retina as a result of an increase in intraocular pressure. It can only be prevented by means of early diagnosis with regular ophthalmological check-ups. Once diagnosed, it can be treated effectively with drops, by laser or with surgery depending on the severity of the case. (+information)
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MACULAR DISEASE OF THE RETINA

These degenerative diseases affecting the central area of ​​the retina: the macula, responsible for central vision and accounting for the majority of color photoreceptors, where the human eye reaches the maximum image resolution. There are two types of AMD: the dry, more common, and the wet.

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Departament de Sanitat i Seguretat Social